No, you don’t need any vaccinations to travel to South Africa. However, it is always a good idea to consult with your doctor or travel clinic before you travel to make sure you are up-to-date on all of your routine vaccinations. There are some areas of South Africa where there is a risk of malaria, so your doctor may also recommend taking antimalarial medication if you are planning to travel to those areas.
Yes, some vaccinations are recommended or required for travel to South Africa. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all travelers be up-to-date on routine vaccines, including measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot.
Additional vaccines may be recommended or required based on your itinerary, age, health conditions, and previous vaccinations. For example, you may need the hepatitis A vaccine if you’re visiting certain parts of South Africa or if you’re planning to eat contaminated food or drink contaminated water. You may also need the yellow fever vaccine if you’re traveling from a country with a risk of yellow fever transmission or if you’re traveling to a rural area of South Africa.
Be sure to talk to your doctor or a travel medicine specialist at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to get the most up-to-date recommendations on which vaccines you’ll need.