How many countries are surrounded by South Africa?


South Africa is a fascinating country that is located on the southernmost tip of the African continent. It is bordered by the countries of Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. This makes it the only country on the continent that has land borders with more than one other country. Additionally, South Africa also has a 2,798 kilometer long coastline that stretches along the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

South Africa is bordered by Namibia to the northwest, Botswana to the north, Zimbabwe to the northeast, Mozambique to the east, Swaziland to the southeast, and Lesotho to the south. It is a landlocked country with an area of 1,221,037 square kilometres (471,445 sq mi). The Drakensberg is the highest mountain range in Southern Africa. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area, and with over 58 million people, it is the world’s 24th-most populous nation. The World Bank classifies South Africa as an upper-middle-income economy, and a newly industrialised country.

South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution’s recognition of 11 official languages, which is the fourth highest number in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language. About 80 percent of South Africans are of black African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different Bantu languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa’s largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (coloured) ancestry.

South Africa has the world’s second largest HIV epidemic. It also has high rates of crime and violence.


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