how many people south africa


South Africa is a country located at the southern tip of Africa. It is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area, and with over 56 million people, is the world’s 24th-most populous nation. The World Bank classifies South Africa as an upper-middle-income economy, and a newly industrialised country. Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, and the 34th-largest in the world. In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa. However, poverty and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day.

South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, and maintains significant regional influence. The name ‘South Africa’ is derived from the country’s geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies. Since 1961, the long form name in English has been the ‘Republic of South Africa’. In Dutch, the country was named Republiek van Zuid-Afrika, replaced in 1983 by the Afrikaans Republiek van Suid-Afrika. Since 1994, the Republic has had an official name in each of its 11 official languages. Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning ‘south’, is a colloquial name for South Africa, [6] [7] while some Pan-Africanist political parties prefer the term ‘Azania’.

South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. Its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution’s recognition of 11 official languages, which is the fourth highest number in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans; English reflects the legacy of British colonialism, and is commonly used in public and commercial life, though it is fourth-ranked as a spoken first language.

The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d’état, and regular elections have been held for almost a century. However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country’s recent history and politics. The National Party imposed apartheid in 1948, institutionalising previous racial segregation. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress (ANC) and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the election of Nelson Mandela in 1994 marked the end of apartheid.

South Africa is a republic with a parliamentary democracy. The current constitution, the Constitution of South Africa, was adopted on 8 May 1996 and came into effect on 4 February 1997. It is the country’s fifth constitution, replacing the Interim Constitution of 1993. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land. It provides the legal foundation for the existence of the republic, as well as defining the structure and limitations of the government.

The government is composed of three branches:

Legislative: The bicameral Parliament, made up of the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces, is the legislative arm of government.

Executive: The President, as head of state, is the chief executive officer of the country, and is assisted by a Deputy President. The President is elected by the National Assembly, and is the head of the ANC.

Judicial: The Constitutional Court is the highest court in the land, and its decisions are binding on all other courts.

South Africa is a founding member of the African Union and the United Nations, as well as a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G20, the World Trade Organization, the Southern African Development Community, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the Commonwealth of Nations. With the world’s 24th-largest economy by nominal GDP and 33rd-largest by PPP, South Africa is the world’s seventh-largest economy.

South Africa is a beautiful country with a rich culture and a long history. The country is home to a diverse population of over 55 million people. The majority of the population is black, with smaller numbers of whites, Indians, and coloureds (mixed-race people). South Africa is a parliamentary democracy with a strong constitution and a vibrant civil society.

The economy of South Africa is the second largest in Africa, and the 27th largest in the world. The country is rich in natural resources, and has a well-developed infrastructure. The country’s main exports are minerals, agricultural products, and manufactured goods.

South Africa is a popular tourist destination, with a wide range of attractions to suit all tastes. The country’s natural beauty, diverse culture, and fascinating history all make it an appealing destination. Whether you’re looking for adventure, relaxation, or something in between, you’ll find it in South Africa.


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