Mapungubwe National Park landscape has outstanding botanical, ecological, geological and geomorphologic merit, with a range of vegetation types associated with the outcrop of cave sandstone, baobab trees, Karoo fossils and ancient rocks nearly three billion years old.
Proclaimed a World Heritage Site 2003, the park is referred to as the Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape.
Artefacts found at Mapungubwe rank among the most important pieces of ancient art yet found in sub-Saharan Africa. They document the rise of the Zimbabwe culture which was one of the most complex social and political entities in Africa during the 8th and 9th centuries.
Their culture, based partly on gold and ivory trade with the East Coast traders, is believed to have had its origins in the Limpopo Valley and subsequently spread northwards into Zimbabwe.
South African National Parks runs a variety of overnight accommodation at its main rest camp. We recommend a day visit with an overnight stay (click on the map opposite to visit SANParks™ website) Limpopo province
Kruger National Park
Marakele National Park
Bela-Bela, Lephalale Makhado, Modimolle, Mokopane, Musina, Phalaborwa, Polokwane, Thabazimbi, Thohoyandou, Tzaneen
Finds of gold artefacts, beads, burial grounds and other remains indicate that Mapungubwe was one of the major centres of this culture and bear testimony to the way of life of African peoples more than 1000 years ago.
The park has a substantial amount of San Rock Art dating from 15,000 years ago. More recent history has seen people like Cecil Rhodes and Jan Smuts frequenting the area – Jan Smuts had a house in the current park.
Leokwe Camp is Mapungubwe’s main camp, located in the eastern section of the Park in the spectacular sandstone hills. Close to the camp guests can enjoy the Treetop Hide and the confluence view site.

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