Mpumalanga is one of nine provinces in South Africa. It was formed after the first free elections in 1994 from the eastern region of the former Transvaal. Initially called the Eastern Transvaal it was renamed Mpumalanga in 1995.
Meaning ‘place where the sun rises’ in isiZulu, Mpumalanga lies in eastern South Africa bordering Swaziland and Mozambique.
With a land mass of 79 490 km² it constitutes 6.5% of South Africa’s land area.
The population of just over 3 million million is 92% Black and just under 7% White. The first language of most people is Siswati (31%), followed by IsiZulu (26%), IsiNdebele (12%) and Sepedi (11%).
The major cities and towns in Mpumalanga are Balfour, Barberton, Belfast, Bethal, Carolina, Ermelo, Middleburg, Nelspruit, Piet Retief, Secunda, Standerton, Volksrust, Witbank. Nelspruit is the capital of Mpumalanga.
The Drakensberg Escarpment divides Mpumalanga into an eastern half situated in low altitude subtropical Lowveld (also known as Bushveld) and a westerly half situated in the grasslands of the Highveld.
Lekker Links
Mpumalanga provincial government
Mpumalanga Tourism
Tourism Grading Council Provinces; Cities & Towns.
Balfour, Barberton, Belfast, Bethal, Carolina, Ermelo, Middleburg, Nelspruit, Piet Retief, Secunda, Standerton, Volksrust, Witbank
Kruger National Park.
South Africa’s Climate
Mpumalanga is also a popular tourism destination, not least of all because the southern part of the Kruger National Park is situated in the Lowveld region.
The Sudwala Caves are the oldest known caves in the world. These incredible caverns lie in the Drakensberg escarpment from a time when the area was covered by warm shallow seas. Besides the awesome rock formations the caverns boast an array of enormous stalactite and stalagmite displays.
The Blyde River Canyon is a significant natural feature of South Africa, located in the northern part of the Drakensberg, it is 26km long and about 800m deep, making it the third largest canyon in the world. It is truly one of the great wonders of nature in Africa. ‘God’s Window’ is a popular vantage point which featured in the 1980 film ‘The Gods Must Be Crazy’. Near the end of the movie, the Bushman Xi (played by Namibian bush farmer N!xau) travelled to God’s Window believing it to be the end of the earth.

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